here is some stuff my dad came up regarding Baltic German glassmakers: "Glassworks...

here is some stuff my dad came up regarding Baltic German glassmakers: "Glassworks existed as early as 1628 in present day Estonia (at Hüti on Hiiumaa island – which gets its name from the German “Glashütte” for glassworks) See https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%C3%BCti_(Hiiumaa) (In German – but Google will translate it if you want.) Hüti was a Swedish enterprise, but interestingly, the first master at Hüti was Jost Wentzell – a name that should ring bells!

There were also glassworks as early as ca 1630 in present day Latvia (at Renda in Kurland), See “Smilts un Stikls” (“Sand and Glass”) p. 155 (in Latvian – but you will get the gist):

https://www.lu.lv/fileadmin/user_upload/lu_portal/projekti/vpp/files/IV_posma/SmiltsUnStikls/TEZES_Smilts_un_stikls_lapai.pdf.

These early glassworks did not have much lasting impact (apparently Hüti went bankrupt). The “modern” period of glass manufacture in the Baltics started with the establishment of the works at Suntaži (Sunzel), in modern day Latvia, in November 1739. See for example (in German) p. 304 of:

https://books.google.com/booksid=7PJrDAAAQBAJ&amp=;pg=PA316&lpg=PA316&dq=Gorodinka+glass&source=bl&ots=i_D5VhOlB6&sig=lxm5GeM1zun3O0pTlt-y3UCWBkA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqlI7OiLTcAhVGhuAKHXXODuYQ6AEIKzAA#v=onepage&q=Sunzel&f=false

Many, if not all, of the glassworker families of this period can be traced back to Suntaži. And many, but not all, of the families came there from Mecklenburg. There is a record (from Ambla) that explicitly states that Hedwig’s grandfather, Jacob Meissner, was from Mecklenburg. But the earliest Meissner records that I have found in Latvia are not from Suntaži, but rather from nearby Jürgensburg (Jaunpils) in Zaube parish. The first one records the attendance at communion on Oculi Sunday (3rd Sunday in Lent) 1743 of “Meissner and wife”. This is about three years after families such as Drewing, Detloff, Seitz, etc make their appearance in Latvia.

Here is a fragment of the famous 1798 Mellin map which shows Jürgensburg/Annenhof, Sunzel, Lemburg/Kaltenbrunn, Altenwoga, Allasch, and Sissegal (and their Latvian equivalents). The area covered is about 20 x 15 miles. All of these glassworks – and several others, including some in modern day Estonia – are associated with Meissners.

Apparently it was not easy for the glassworks entrepreneurs to persuade glassworkers to come to the wilds of Livonia in the first place. To be near supplies of wood for the furnaces glassworks were sometimes in the middle of forests and both winter and summer conditions could be harsh. Consequently, the glassworkers were constantly looking for better conditions. Also, market and resource conditions (such as the exhaustion of nearby forests and the availability of suitable quartz sand, potash, and limestone) sometimes dictated the cessation of operations at a particular glassworks after 10 years or less. Hence glassworker families frequently moved – en masse – from place to place. It can be very tricky to follow them.

https://www.loc.gov/resource/g7022lm.gct00143/sp=1&amp=;r=0.589,0.283,0.324,0.214,0 "

My great-aunt used to live near Stikli. Now in her 90's and living in Ventspils.

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Thanks for the information, it was interested to read, as we talked earlier, I have glassworkers Volkmanns in my tree, who lived in Altenwoga, Jurgensburg, Riga, later Akniste and Livani. Also I tracked they lived in Estonia, Fennern (I guess it was Livonia then). My other glasworkers families also lived in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark (Bitter, Hagen, Wenzel, Erich ant etc...) but I guess part of them came from Germany.

interesting that you mention FInland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark - my parents seem to get some matches there, npt necessarily through glassworkers, but maybe? still trying to find out how my mom matches to the one guy, whether it's along his glassworkers lines as we think or his Valmiera line which is starting to seem less likely. also trying to figure out ho wmy dad matches, but his tree is less worked out so it's harder to guess

the guys we match, they had a lot of glassworker ancestry in Laudona, Latvia and Fennern, Estonia among other places, so far their direct lines seem to have Kauffeldt, Albrecht, Meisner, Beck and also had side lines or other marriages with Drewing, Feldmann, Volkmann, etc.

my mom also has a match to a direct Drewing descendant, although it's unfortunately a bit hard to track them for sure due to an issue and then have not responded yet and this Drewing descendant is also a mutual match to the Kauffeldt descendant match

Firstly i was realy surprised that so many generations were glasblowers and that they worked in so many places, so it would be not a big surprise if your parent have relative in Scandinavian countries who were glassblowers as well. Many glassblowers who originaly were from Germany came to Scandinavia and just later to Baltic coutries. Well I hope you will find how your parents are related with that people!

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I have always been fascinated by glass! I would not be surprised if it is in my blood somewhere. Thank you for sharing!

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